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Roland Emmerich. Richard Fleischer. Kurt Neumann. A career educator, he lives in Elk Grove, California. David Allen. Irwin Allen. Jack Arnold. John Badham. Charles Band. Saul Bass. Byron Haskin. David Hewitt. Sam Irvin. Donald Jackson. Joe Johnston. George Miller. Luigi Cozzi. William Dear. He is an ardent champion of the "cutting-in-camera" philosophy. One of his fraternity brothers was Roger Ernest.

He is a supporter of the Democratic Party. In , he received the Germany's Cross of Merit with star for his sensible representation of Germany's history in Schindler's List On 31 October , he was chosen by Entertainment Weekly as the most powerful person in entertainment in On 23 September , he was involved in road accident and treated for an injured shoulder. There are seven children in the Capshaw-Spielberg family: Theo Spielberg , who was adopted by Kate Capshaw before their marriage and later adopted by Spielberg, born in , Sasha Spielberg , born on 14 May , Sawyer Spielberg , born on 10 March , their adopted daughter Mikaela George Spielberg, born on 28 February , and Destry Allen Spielberg, born on 1 December Kate Capshaw 's daughter Jessica Capshaw , born in , is from her previous marriage.

Amy Irving gave birth to his son Max Spielberg on 13 June He claims Richard Dreyfuss is his alter-ego. He has one of the original Rosebud sleds from Citizen Kane in his house. He is the godfather of Drew Barrymore and Gwyneth Paltrow. Navy's highest civilian honor, on Veterans Day for his work on the movie Saving Private Ryan When he was a child, he sneaked onto the lot of Universal Studios during a tour and befriended an editor who showed him a few things about filmmaking.

Gwyneth Paltrow calls him Uncle Morty. During filming of their episode of Night Gallery , Spielberg gave Joan Crawford the gift of a single red rose in a Pepsi bottle. During an on-set conversation with Detroit Free Press reporter Shirley Eder , Crawford pointed out Spielberg and said, "Go interview that kid, because he's going to be the biggest director of all time! In December As a non-Commonwealth citizen, he will not be able to use the title. He states that the work of David Lean has had a profound effect on his career. He spent five months developing the script for Rain Man with Ronald Bass , but had to commit to his handshake deal to direct Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Spielberg gave all of his notes to Barry Levinson.

He almost directed Big with Tom Hanks starring, but didn't want to steal the thunder of his sister, Anne Spielberg , who co-wrote the script. He personally offered the American Beauty script to Sam Mendes , who ended up winning the Academy Award for Best Director on the film, which was Mendes's debut feature. He often casts new actors based on their performances in other works.

He rarely requires auditions for major roles. He was asked to approve use of the theme music from Jaws for Swingers He left this position because he did not agree with the fact that the Boy Scouts of America discriminated against homosexuals. He was directing a childbirth scene when he received a call that Amy Irving was giving birth to their son Max Spielberg. He was irked when footage from his movie Duel was used as stock footage in an episode of The Incredible Hulk But since Universal Studios owned the rights to both the The Incredible Hulk series and the film of Duel, taking legal action was not possible.

However, he subsequently updated his contracts to include a clause that would protect his future material from being used as stock footage. On May 31, , graduated from California State University Long Beach with a bachelor's degree in film and electronic arts. He had dropped out of college in to concentrate on his career, but during the s fulfilled his remaining graduation requirements via independent projects, which required correspondence courses and several term papers.

For Spielberg, the school waived its requirement that all senior film majors must submit a completed minute short film, accepting Schindler's List in its place. He donned cap and gown and marched in the commencement ceremony with his fellow graduates. He received honorary doctor of humane letters degree from Yale University 27 May When Spielberg received his undergraduate degree about 35 years after he had first entered college , the orchestra played the theme from the "Indiana Jones" series of films as he walked up to and across the stage.

He owns the rights to the Stephen King novel "The Talisman". As of , the book has not been made into a film. He is now producing this film for release in Michael Kahn has edited all of Spielberg's theatrical features since Close Encounters of the Third Kind , their first collaboration. Kahn did not, however, edit E. He ranked 1 in Premiere's annual Hollywood Power List. He had ranked 6 in In Close Encounters of the Third Kind , the humans and aliens use music and computers to communicate.

Spielberg's father was a computer scientist and his mother was a musician. This fact was only recently pointed out to him on Inside the Actors Studio by host James Lipton and he was unsurprisingly delighted when he realised the connection. The mini-series, written by David Leland , would focus on the historical reality of life in A.

Steven Spielberg filmography

Camelot itself will be shown to have been a simple Roman fort and Arthur, named Artos in the film, will be portrayed as a humble blacksmith whose forging skills win him the English throne. It was expected to air sometime in He was voted the 11th Greatest Director of all time by Entertainment Weekly. He has worked with four actors from the Hannibal Lecter film series, in reverse order to the order in which the Lecter films came out. When asked what are the films he's made he would like to be remembered for, he said E.


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Although close friend, George Lucas , has vowed to only shoot future movies digitally, Spielberg has been the most vocal film-maker of the opposing view: to continue shooting all of his movies on film. According to his interview on the series Inside the Actors Studio , his favorite curse word is "Rats! To date, has never provided a director's commentary on any of his film's DVDs. He described One Froggy Evening as "the most perfect cartoon ever made". His longtime friend George Lucas originally wanted him to direct the third entry of the original Star Wars trilogy, Star Wars: Episode VI - Return of the Jedi and Spielberg was eager to do so, but Lucas was unsuccessful in getting him the job because of his dispute with the Director's Guild at the time.

When he used product placement in E. Day-Lewis and Rylance won the award for their performances in Spielberg movies. He has been Honorary Member of the Society of Operating Cameramen SOC since and received the Governors Award "for his contributions in the advancement of the use of the motion picture camera". He has always been very protective of his name. If his company is working on a film and he feels it is not up to his standards, he will remove his name as a producer. Aside from producing The Goonies , he also directed at least one scene in the movie.

He once screened Lawrence of Arabia with director David Lean , who gave Spielberg a "live director's commentary", as Spielberg put it. Spielberg said that it was one of the best moments of his life, learning from a true master. Consequently, Spielberg stated that it helped him make better pictures and that commentary directly influenced every movie he has made since.

The size of his fortune him the 14th richest person in the Los Angeles area and likely the wealthiest producer-director in the world with only his friend George Lucas coming close. His iconic character "E. He is the most represented filmmaker on the American Film Institute's Most Inspiring Movies of All Time, with five films on the list and three in the top ten.

Most of those earnings were from the sale of DreamWorks to Paramount Pictures. He ranked 4 on Premiere's "Power 50" list. Had ranked 2 in In , he purchased Clark Gable 's Oscar which he won for It Happened One Night to protect it from further commercial exploitation and gave it back to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, commenting that he could think of "no better sanctuary for Gable's only Oscar than the Motion Picture Academy".

The statuette was among the memorabilia sold by the Planet Hollywood restaurant chain, which has emerged from bankruptcy protection. Early in his career, while working for Universal Studios, he was asked to give a tour to a special guest who had just sold the film rights to one of his books to the studio.

Both live-action adaptations of "The Incredible Hulk" have references to his films. The first used stock footage from Duel In the film by Ang Lee Hulk , the impact of the Hulk hitting the ground causes ripples to form in nearby bodies of water, just as the Tyrannosaur does in Jurassic Park Though he frequently works with Tom Hanks , Hanks is not, as of , involved in Spielberg's biopic about Abraham Lincoln , even though he is descended from the family of Lincoln's mother, Nancy Hanks.

He owns one of the largest gun collections on the East Coast. He shoots, but only privately. He is of Hungarian descent, which explains his surname, coming from the Austrian city where his ancestors lived. He considered directing Memoirs of a Geisha He is also proud to admit they are good friends of his. He was offered the opportunity to direct California Split , but job went to Robert Altman. He was originally set to direct Cape Fear He later recommended Martin Scorsese for the job and personally called the director, letting him know that this was a commercial film that had potential to be a hit, which would exercise more power for Scorcese to make his films.

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He was originally in talks to direct The Mask of Zorro but later only produced it. Burt Reynolds film "White Lightning" was originally slated to be Spielberg's first theatrical feature and he spent months on pre-production. In the early s, he was often linked in the British media to making a possible movie version of the long-running BBC science-fiction television series Doctor Who , which had been canceled as an ongoing series in He is a fan of video games and says that their development is intriguing to him.

In February , he pulled out of his role as advisor to the Beijing Olympics, reacting to the Chinese government's inaction over the genocide in Darfur. He is a fan of the works of Carl Barks , and cites them as a big inspiration on his storytelling. He hosted events for the intellectual society at his screening room and offices on the Universal lot in the late s. When Spielberg accepted the Cecil B. DeMille award at the 66th Annual Golden Globe Awards he expressed his gratitude to DeMille for helping him come to love filmmaking in the first place, describing his earliest childhood memory of going to see DeMille's The Greatest Show on Earth with his father.

He is an excellent shot with a shotgun. The hand-eye co-ordination of that man is unlike anything I've ever seen. If he weren't a great director, he could be one of our greatest snipers". He worked with both father and son Brolin actors. In , Spielberg purchased a Pacific Palisades hilltop estate from singer Bobby Vinton , a palatial residence that, over the years, had been home to producer David O. Selznick , Douglas Fairbanks Jr. He is the ex son-in-law of Jules Irving. He will receive the David O. His favorite indoor relaxation pursuits are watching golf on TV and playing his computer game "Assassin's Creed".

He has made two films that, between them, feature four former U. Grant in Lincoln He confessed to host James Lipton that he has a phobia about "furniture with feet" Inside the Actors Studio: Episode 5. His father Arnold Spielberg was an innovator who worked on the first computer that was ever sold commercially back in He claims his family name "Spielberg" has Austrian origins meaning "Play Mountain" when translated into English. A lifelong fan of the movies, Spielberg has never directed a feature in the successful franchise, though he did the next best thing directing his share of notable series alumni such as: Sean Connery : Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Dr.

Ralph Fiennes : Schindler's List Skyfall , etc. He formed his production company "Amblin Entertainment" with longtime friend and production associate Kathleen Kennedy in Steven Spielberg was the first living person to have a playable Lego mini-figure modelled after him. It was sold with several sets as part of the Lego Studios product range in the early s. A lifelong fan of the movies, he named Honor Blackman as his favorite Bond girl.

In January , he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He struggled with dyslexia his whole life but was not diagnosed until very recently approx. The film The Goonies was based on his group of childhood friends, which he referred to as the "goon squad. He was the president of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival.

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The winner was Milos Forman for Amadeus They often vacation together and went to the White House Correspondents' Dinner together. He has several career parallels to Oliver Stone. Both frequently direct historical dramas, many times about U. For Stone, they were John F. Kennedy , Richard Nixon and George W. Both have cast Anthony Hopkins as one of those Presidents, and in both cases, Hopkins was nominated for an Oscar.

Hopkins as Nixon and Daniel Day-Lewis are also one of a pair of actors to be nominated for playing that same President. The others were Frank Langella and Raymond Massey. They both frequently use John Williams to score their films. He was at one point considering directing a Harry Potter film. Although he never directed one of the films, he has directed several cast members in his films: - Maggie Smith appeared in Hook Richard Harris 's son, Jared Harris , appeared in Lincoln He has worked with several actors from the Star Wars films. Screenwriter Lawrence Kasdan also wrote two Star Wars films.

Bridge of Spies: Behind the Scenes Movie Broll - Tom Hanks Steven Spielberg

Jackson and Laura Dern appeared in Jurassic Park When promoting A. Artificial Intelligence , which he wrote, he was asked why he had not written a film in the 19 years since Poltergeist He replied that the gap was not that long because he actually does rewrites on many of the scripts that he directs.

Additionally, two sequels to his films he declined to direct also set the opening weekend record: Jaws 2 and Jurassic World The first major star he worked with was Joan Crawford , who appeared in the segment of the pilot episode for Rod Serling 's Night Gallery which he directed. Crawford was initially skeptical about working with the then-inexperienced director, but her fears were soon allayed when she met with him and watched him at work. He, meanwhile, was surprised to find that Crawford was not demanding and made none of the outlandish requests which stars of her caliber were usually known to make.

On the contrary, she was happy to give him advice about various aspects of film making which she had learned throughout her years in motion pictures, and gave him a lot of much needed encouragement. They quickly developed a strong working relationship, and as a result of her kindness became close friends, remaining so until her death. He is best friends with George Lucas and Oprah Winfrey. He was also best friends with Robin Williams until he passed away. He was a big fan of Twin Peaks and he was set to direct the first episode of the second season of the show before David Lynch decided to direct the episode himself.

According to friend and veteran film editor Michael Kahn , Spielberg will not watch a cut of his film without temp music temporary score. After having a great working relationship with Spielberg on Gremlins , Spielberg produced the next two films Chris Columbus scripted, The Goonies , based on an idea Spielberg had, and Young Sherlock Holmes , which was Columbus's idea, which altogether was two years working on those three films. Spielberg then wanted Columbus to script Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade , a big step for Columbus as a writer.

He accepted and went to meet Spielberg and George Lucas , two men he was very intimidated by, even though he had worked with Spielberg three times, and they were two of his cinematic heroes. Columbus acted as Spielberg and Lucas's secretary on The Last Crusade for five days taking down all their ideas. Lucas dictated the screenplay to Columbus making him fearful of changing any of it, and that went against what Columbus had learned at film school. To him, the script seemed lifeless and without energy and there was nothing of Columbus in it.

Columbus assumed Spielberg hired him for that last reason and when Columbus turned in the draft, he was fired from the picture for all the above flaws in the script. It was a defining moment in Columbus's career, to never again ignore his base instincts on a movie, or to be intimidated by the people he worked with. Gremlins , the Back to the Future trilogy and Young Sherlock Holmes were all produced by Spielberg and all have eccentric inventors who create madcap inventions with pet dogs, Barney, Einstein and Uncas.

Also, in the novelization for Holmes, it uses the words "a view to kill", and the Bond film A View to a Kill was made the same year. In Young Sherlock Holmes , that film mentions bats, snakes, spiders and rats; these would appear in all the Indiana Jones films, Arachnophobia and The Goonies , films either produced or directed by Spielberg. He also produced the last nine of these, as well as Letters from Iwo Jima , and was nominated for Best Picture each time. These 10 nominations for Best Picture is the record. Of these, Schindler's List is the only one to have won the award.

Spielberg had directed Columbo: Murder by the Book , the very first episode of that famous series not counting two pilot films. That episode was in production airing in February while Spielberg's breakthrough theatrical film The Sugarland Express was generating industry buzz prior to its April release. Chris Columbus sold scripts to Spielberg that became Gremlins and The Goonies but his career didn't fully take off until he directed Home Alone and Mrs. Doubtfire which then led to the even greater success of the first two Harry Potter films.

He founded the Shoah foundation with the profits from Schindler's List George Lucas and Steven Spielberg are responsible for six of the ten highest-grossing films of the s. He became good friends with Robin Williams while making Hook After seeing their music video for "Alright", he proposed to the band Supergrass that they work together on a television show in the style of The Monkees The group turned him down, preferring to work on their second album "In It for the Money".

In , he donated half a million dollars to and attended the March For Our Lives protest in favor of gun control in the United States. Both of his wives were born in the same year His first now ex wife, Amy Irving, was born in September , and his second wife, Kate Capshaw, was born in November He has directed seven films that have been selected for the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically or aesthetically" significant: Jaws , Close Encounters of the Third Kind , Raiders of the Lost Ark , E.

His favorite movies are Lawrence of arabia , the bridge on the river kwai , fantasia , a space odyssey , citizen kane , a guy named joe , the godfather , the french connection , Dr strangelove or how i learned to stop worrying and love the bomb , day for night , pinocchio , the best years of our lives , the searchers , how green was my valley , it's a wonderful life , the day the earth stood still , the war of the worlds , playtime , psycho , the birds , tootsie , and captains courageous Some films that have influenced him are captain courageous , pinocchio , how green was my valley , the day the earth stood still , secret of the incas , Lawrence of arabia , the birds , play time , a space odyssey , and the french connection I think that the Internet is going to effect the most profound change on the entertainment industries combined.

And we're all gonna be tuning into the most popular Internet show in the world, which will be coming from some place in Des Moines. We're all gonna lose our jobs. We're all gonna be on the Internet trying to find an audience. Once a month the sky falls on my head, I come to and I see another movie I want to make. Before I go off and direct a movie I always look at 4 films.

In a two-shot with anyone, even Gable, Clark Gable , your eyes fix on her. She is imperious, yet with a childlike sparkle. She is haughty, yet tender. She has no great range as an actress, yet within the range she can perform better than any of her contemporaries. I have made almost as many films in England as I have in America. I will come back to England again and again. I would love to see the British film industry get back on its feet again. I don't drink coffee. I've never had a cup of coffee in my entire life. That's something you probably don't know about me.

I've hated the taste since I was a kid. I'd rather direct than produce. Any day. And twice on Sunday. Poltergeist is the darker side of my nature, it's me when I was scaring my younger sisters half to death. In Poltergeist, I wanted to terrify and I also wanted to amuse - I tried to mix the laughs and screams together.

I always like to think of the audience when I am directing. Because I am the audience. The older I get, the more I look at movies as a moving miracle. Audiences are harder to please if you're just giving them special effects, but they're easy to please if it's a good story.

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The audience is also the toughest critic - a good story that exists in your world may not be the first choice for an audience. So I just do the best I can. You have to take the other elements of the film and make them as good as possible, and doing that will uplift the film.

Godzilla Godzilla, King of the Monsters! I don't work weekends. Weekends are for my kids. And I have dinner at home every night when I'm not physically directing a movie - I get home by six. I put the kids to bed and tell them stories and take them to school the next morning. I work basically from 9. I think every film I make that puts characters in jeopardy is me purging my own fears, sadly only to re-engage with them shortly after the release of the picture. I'll never make enough films to purge them all. I'm as guilty as anyone, because I helped to herald the digital era with Jurassic Park But the danger is that it can be abused to the point where nothing is eye-popping any more.

The difference between making Jaws 31 years ago and War of the Worlds is that today, anything I can imagine, I can realize on film. Then, when my mechanical shark was being repaired and I had to shoot something, I had to make the water scary. I relied on the audience's imagination, aided by where I put the camera. Today, it would be a digital shark. It would cost a hell of a lot more, but never break down.

As a result, I probably would have used it four times as much, which would have made the film four times less scary. Jaws is scary because of what you don't see, not because of what you do. We need to bring the audience back into partnership with storytelling. Being a movie-maker means you get to live many, many lifetimes. It's the same reason audiences go to movies, I think. When my daughter Sasha Sasha Spielberg was 5 years old, we would be watching something on TV and she'd point to a character on screen and say, "Daddy, that's me.

That's me. I think that's what we all do. We just don't say it as sweetly. After a scary movie about the world almost ending, we can walk into the sunlight and say, "Wow, everything's still here. I'm OK! Human beings have a need to get close to the edge and, when filmmakers or writers can take them to the edge, it feels like a dream where you're falling, but you wake up just before you hit the ground.

Times have changed. It's like when the first landed at Los Angeles international airport: everybody thought flying through the sky was the most greatest marvel they had ever seen - floating through the air, seemingly in slow motion. Today we never even look at s. They're a dime a dozen and it's that way with the blockbuster. If there was one blockbuster every three years, it meant a lot more than when you have a blockbuster every three weeks. It's the job of each of these studios to market these movies as the must-see movie of the year, so they go after blockbuster status by creating a grand illusion.

Sometimes they've got a real engine behind that grand illusion, meaning the movie is damned good and the audience will say they got their money's worth. Other times, the audience comes on the promise of seeing something they've never ever seen before and it becomes just another sci-fi action yarn and they feel disappointed. I've learned that we can do just about anything under the sun with computers.

So the question becomes, should we? Or, should we remind ourselves, as filmmakers, to be careful and remember that there is nothing more important than how a story is told? If storytelling becomes a byproduct of the digital revolution, then the medium itself is corrupted. On the other hand, if digital tools are simply a way to enhance a conventional story, then in that case, they can make telling that story easier.

It's easier and more practical to show 20, soldiers in the Crimean War using computers, obviously. So, that's fine. But now, we have technology that can replace actors, or an entire performance in an already existing movie. We could cut out Humphrey Bogart and replace him with Vin Diesel , if somebody wanted. Who would want to? Well, there might be people who would. That's why we have to be careful.

Movies reflect our cultural heritage from the period in time in which they were made. Therefore, altering them can destroy that historical perspective. That's disrespectful of history, which is a big issue for me. The situation is like walking a tightrope - we have to move forward, but we have to be careful. I had dinner with the founder of Yahoo! I had my son, who is now sixteen, he was much younger then. I took him to a tea house. We had Geishas, they were serving us tea and I had a little soki and we were talking.

And he kept sitting across from me and he kept saying "Yahoo! You have to know what Yahoo! And I thought he was actually out of his brain. You know, because he kept talking about Yahoo! And he was so thrilled with what was happening in his world. And this was way beyond my world at that time.

And how I look back. I thought: God if I could have been a little bit nicer to that guy, he might have called me up and offered me a chance to invest early. The people who attack the movie based on 'moral equivalence' are some of the same people who say diplomacy itself is an exercise in 'moral equivalence' and that war is the only answer. That the only way to fight terrorism is to dehumanize the terrorists by asking no questions about who they are and where they come from.

What I believe is, every act of terrorism requires a strong response, but we must also pay attention to the causes. That's why we have brains and the power to think passionately. Understanding does not require approval. Understanding is not the same as inaction. Understanding is a very muscular act.

If I'm endorsing understanding and being attacked for that, then I am almost flattered. I feel like I've been engaged to the British Empire since and tonight you have given me the ring knighthood. What kept us going was the thought that David Lean , at 54, had done this every day for a year. As long as there's been Transformers, I've been one of the biggest fans. And I always thought that somewhere in this genius concept, there was a movie.

I'll probably never win an Oscar, but I'll sure have a lot of fun! I really believe that movies are the great escape! Duel was almost a once-in-a-lifetime story. You don't get stories like that all the time. All those horrible, traumatic years I spent as a kid became what I draw from creatively today. The person I enjoy working for more than anyone else is George Lucas. He's the best boss I ever had because he's the most talented boss I ever had. If I weren't a director, I would want to be a film composer. I interpret my dreams one way and make a movie out of them and people see my movies and make them part of their dreams.

At E3 games convention about partnership with EA: I am a gamer myself, and I really wanted to create a video game that I could play with my kids. No radio, no television, no internet, no newspapers. I just want to hear one number, which is the Monday-morning number. The most expensive habit in the world is celluloid, not heroin, and I need a fix every two years. Disney is the birthplace of imagination and has always been as close to the worldwide audience as any company ever has. DeMille award at the 66th Annual Golden Globe Awards] Whenever I try to tell a risky story, whether it's about sharks or dinosaurs, or about aliens or about history, I'll always be thinking, "Am I going to get away with this?

He came on set, he donned the hat and everything came with it; his laconic sense of humour, his willingness to take a punch He brought all this back to life as if no time had elapsed since the third movie. My favourite memories from the shoot are my deepening respect for Harrison, not only as an actor but as a dear friend. We've gone off and made other movies which mean our paths have not crossed all that often. I'm not the most social guy in the world and neither is Harrison, so we didn't spend much time together, but we actually became great buddies on this movie, more even than on the first three.

It's the best thing that came out of this experience for me. I think most of my movies are personal movies. I think the most personal movie I've made is Schindler's List I think the second-most personal movie I have ever made is E. I also find The Color Purple to be a personal film for me.

So I've made a number of personal films. But I haven't made a movie yet that is actually a mirror neuron of my factual life and I don't think I ever will. My sister wrote a script about our lives and that might come around again some day, but I've always stayed away from anything that is too biographical.

The one ingredient I bring to all of my films is the ability to listen to anybody who has a good idea on the production. I'm very collaborative with actors, with my writers, with my editor, my cinematographer, with Johnny Williams who does all of my scores.

And I just think from a very young age my parents taught me probably the most valuable lesson of my life - sometimes it's better not to talk, but to listen. I never know what I'm in for. Most of my presumptions about a production are usually wrong. For instance, with Schindler's List I was pretty certain that whatever came my way in Poland I could tolerate, and just put my camera between myself and the subject, and protect myself by creating my own aesthetic distance.


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And immediately, on the first day of shooting, that broke down. I didn't have that as a safety net and immediately I realized that that this was about to become the most personal professional experience of my life. It was a devastatingly insightful experience, but it's something I still haven't gotten over. I think back on the production of Schindler's List with very sad memories, because of the subject matter, not because of the working experience.

The working experience was nearly perfect because everybody held on to each other in that production. We formed a circle. It was very therapeutic, and for a lot of people, it changed their lives. A lot of the actors, a lot of the crew, it changed their lives. It changed my life, for sure. But other productions I've gone into with a blythe spirit, thinking, This film's a pushover. It's often when I take that attitude, the movie turns around and runs over me as if it were a tank. So I've tried my best to stop second-guessing what the working experience is going to be like. Because I'm usually wrong.

My movies are all different. I've tried to make every movie as if it was made by a different director, because I'm very conscious of not wanting to impose a consistent style on subject matter that is not necessarily suited to that style. So I try to re-invent my own eye every time I tackle a new subject.